Although “Energy Transition” is the buzzword in the energy sector these days, changing the energy system is a slow process. Large parts of the energy value chain are becoming decentralized, and technology will be the key to deciding which fuels will grow and which will shrink. India needs clarity on its long- and short-term policy goals and an integrated energy policy to achieve its economic and climate goals. What are the most important policy goals, and what factors should be considered in developing a long-term energy vision and plan? How can different stakeholders collaborate to create an energy ecosystem which serves dual needs of attracting capital and evolving with technology & time?