Creating a diverse workforce is in the interest of every company in every sector around the world. Despite an industry-wide focus on increasing the representation of women and minorities in the energy sector, participation remains low. A diverse work force is important for the industry as it faces the dual challenges of more energy and less carbon. How can energy companies make their workforce more diverse? What human resources practices are needed in India as it promotes diversity and inclusion in the energy industry? How can India make use of its “demographic dividend”?