In the next 30 years, it is expected that up to 2 billion additional people will be added to the global population including millions more in India. Continuing economic growth will require more energy; at the same time, there is broad consensus that GHG emissions are leading to warming of the planet. In India, 68% of emissions come from energy sector and about 20% from industry. While emissions in India continue to grow with economic growth, the country has pledged a 33%–35% reduction in the “emissions intensity” of its economy by 2030, compared with 2005 levels. Therein lies the dual challenge: How to fuel the future economic growth and bring people out of poverty and do so while reducing GHG emissions?
What are the most practical and tangible ways for India to meet the emission intensity targets?
What is the future of coal in India’s power generation mix?
How can emissions from coal be reduced?
What are some ways to accelerate the share of renewables in the power generation mix?
How can energy waste be reduced?
What policy measures can central and state governments take to reduce emissions?
Should there be specific emission reduction targets for public sector companies?