The long-standing model of oil as the fuel of choice for transportation is being challenged from several directions, including electric powertrains and fuels such as CNG and LNG. The automotive sector is also changing with the emergence of mobility-as-a-service and autonomous vehicles. These disruptive forces could radically alter long-established trends in the industry with profound repercussions for energy. How are societal dynamics and trends affecting the landscape of mobility in India? How quickly will EVs be adopted? What advantages do gas-powered vehicles have over EVs? What strategies can energy companies adopt to stay relevant and ahead of the curve in this disruptive environment? What role can policy makers play to make this a smooth transition for companies and consumers?