Technology is at the core of the energy business. An unprecedented scale-up is needed in low-carbon technologies to achieve global climate goals. While much progress has been made in renewable energy, other sectors that are major sources of emissions—such as heavy industry, transportation, and agriculture—have not yet developed cost-competitive low-carbon technologies. At the same time, there is a strong push on technologies such as hydrogen, long duration storage, and CCUS. Reducing emissions will require both hardware and software. How should companies integrate the best of both in India? There are many technologies vying to be part of the climate solution. Which of these have the potential to be scalable? Are there specific policies that will make these technologies more attractive? What support structures are needed to encourage innovation, research, and invention in energy technologies in India? What is the role of digital technologies in supporting sustainable development?