India is preparing for a lower-carbon energy future underpinned by the government’s aim to set up 500GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030. As renewable energy sources grow in the mix, it will be important for India to consider back-up generation sources such as natural gas in its national electricity plan. Will expansion of renewable power drive the growth of gas-based power in India? What policies and business models will serve to grow the share of gas in India’s highly price-sensitive market? What lessons can be learned from countries where gas-renewable integration was successfully achieved?