India’s petrochemical demand is increasing at a rate higher than GDP growth. Current low per capita petrochemical consumption and rapid economic growth make India an attractive place for petrochemical investments. Global downstream companies are aiming to have a greater portfolio concentration in chemicals, especially along refinery-integrated pathways to mitigate the risk of slowdown in transportation fuel growth. What is the outlook for long-term petrochemicals demand? What are the risks and opportunities for India in this new business environment? How can India achieve “Make in India” by developing a large petrochemical manufacturing base for local demand and for exports? Will we see a backlash on plastics in India?