India wants to increase its oil and gas production, find new sources of energy, promote energy conservation, and increase energy efficiency. Innovation and technology are at the core of meeting these desires. The “call on entrepreneurs” is to deliver innovative business models and technologies that ensure sustainable growth for the energy sector and the economy. With few successful examples of energy entrepreneurship in India’s energy sector, what are the mechanisms for promoting entrepreneurship to deliver India’s energy future? What new policies and models are needed to attract talent, develop new technologies, and create a sustainable entrepreneurship climate?