Most easy-to-reach oil and gas resources in India have been explored and exploited, but there is significant upstream potential in deep water, ultra-deep water, frontier basins and unconventional reserves. Exploiting these is both technologically challenging and capital intensive. Given these challenges, how will India become an attractive country for international upstream investments? What mix of companies, both large and small, IOCs and NOCs, is needed to revive the upstream sector? What policy interventions are needed? What technologies will be most relevant, and what are the challenges in deploying new technologies in India?